Referee use a lot of kinds of communications during the game. But young referees sometimes use only words and only articles from the Rulebook. They communicate during the game only by whistles. But officiating is not only about whistles. There are gestures, mimicry, signals, conversations, discussions, dialogs, monologs, communications and cooperation. Young referees must know and especially understand that officiating is wider, more complex perception of game, which cannot be reduced to whistling alone. There are contacts, communication and control, thanks to which participants can obtain objective information from the game. This is “game language”. It is necessary to know how to speak in “game language”. Many referees know several foreign languages, but they cannot select necessary words during the game, they are lost, are disturbed. They do not know how to express their thoughts and desires.
One experienced referee spoke: “I don’t know foreign languages, but I know one language — this “GAME LANGUAGE”! When I use it, I can explain, express my thoughts and desires, I can stop and calm down players, stop the unnecessary emotions, etc. This is my language of communication. I learned and learn it constantly every time and everywhere. All participants respect me for this knowledge”.
The knowledge of foreign languages is very necessary nowadays, it helps referee during the game, in contacts, in private life, during trips, in studies and businesses but it does not give you complete confidence, that you will find the language of communication with all players before, during and after the game. It is of vital importance to know and understand “game language”. Yet it is difficult language. It is impossible to learn it according only to the Rulebook or by looking videos, for it is necessary to live with it, to sleep and to arise with it, constantly practicing it.
“Game language” must be constantly improved, with every change. Your partners would understand you. For all must learn how to exchange the knowledge of “game language” with others in the process of practicing it. Knowing it, you will have a chance during the game to speak with partners in one language, in one way, in one tone.
The greater advantages will come for those referees, who talk and communicate by means of and professionally use “game language”. They can adapt it for the game. If you do everything in the same way, your team will be stronger on the court, more easily you will understand each other, communicate and improve step by step. You will know what you should correct in the future, how to work to improve your “basic lexical game language”. Only when referee understands “game language”, then it is possible to indicate that the referee can communicate and be communicable not only for the game, but also outside the court.
Basketball does not begin only in the sport hall. People, who work in basketball, live with thoughts about the game everywhere and, therefore, they try to learn to communicate in “basketball language”. Referees also must study it, know it and –most important –understand it.
Many problems leave us, when during the game all participants understand each other, right after hearing a half word, speaking the same “game language”. It is equally significant when understanding other persons comes naturally, not under pressure of authority or some outer force. Any solution must be understandable for and accepted by all.
We don’t have ideal games, but we must select the standard of high quality. Language, which is obligatory to referees, must also be understandable for everybody. It must be approved and accepted by all participants during the game on the court. You must constantly search for a good style, for some way to improve “game language” for all.

There are more than 200 countries in the world, where people know “game language”. Not all basketball players can communicate in foreign language, but they all understand “game language”. Rules everywhere are the same, only standards of knowledge and performance are different. Therefore in order to increase the level of game and to be more understandable, everybody should be taught and should improve this “game language”, “language of basketball”! Good luck!